AACJC (1988). "Building Communities: A Vision for a New Century," pp. 27-28. Washington, DC. American Association of Colleges and Junior Colleges.

American Association of School Librarians (1976). Policies and procedures for selection of instructional materials, Chicago.

Anderson, Ronald H. (1976). Selecting and developing media for instruction. New York, Van Nostrand.

Armstrong, Jenny R. (1973). A sourcebook for the evaluation of instructional materials and media. Special Education Instructional Materials Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI. ED 107 050.

Armstrong, M., D. Toebe and Watson, M. (1985). Strengthening the instructional role in self-directed learning activities. Journal of continuing education in nursing 16(3): 75-84.

Arnett, Nick and Greenberger, Martin (1989 work in progress). "Multimedia Computing."

Annenberg/CPB Project (1985). Research on Student Uses of the Annenberg/CPB Telecourses, Washington, DC., Annenberg/CPB Project.

Barron, D. D. (1987) Use and Barriers to Use. "Jour. Ed. Lib. Inf. Sci. 27, p. 4.

Bates, Anthony, (1974). Obstacles to the effective use of communication media in a learning system. Keynote address to the International APLET Conference, Liverpool University. Paper No. 27.

Bates, Anthony, (1975a, July). Designing multi-media courses for individualised study: the Open University model and its relevance to conventional universities. Speech at the Northern Universities Working Party for Cooperation in Educational Technology at Grey College, University of Durham, July 7, 1975. IET papers on broadcasting; Paper No. 49. Open University, England.

Bates, Anthony, (1975b, November). The British Open University: Decision-Oriented Research in Broadcasting. Speech to the National Association of Educational Broadcasters Convention, Washington, DC, November 17, 1975. Milton Keynes, Great Britain, Open University. IET papers on broadcasting: Paper No. 53.

Bates, Anthony, (1980). Towards a better theoretical framework for studying learning from educational television. Instructional Science, 9, pp. 393-415,

Bates, Anthony, (1982). Roles and characteristics of television and some implications for distance learning. Distance Education, 3, 1, pp. 29-50.

Bates, Anthony, (1987a, May). The Open University: Television, learning and distance education. Text of inaugural lecture, Open University, May 29, 1987.

Bates, Anthony, (1987b, September). Teaching, media choice and cost-effectivenss of alternative delivery systems. Speech to the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Education, Berlin, September 3-4, 1987. Milton Keynes, Great Britain, Open University. IET Paper No. 264.

Beaudoin, Michael, (1985, April 24). Chronicle of Higher Education.

Bergeson, John (1976). Media in instruction and management manual. Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI, ED 126-916.

Berkman, D. (1976, May). Instructional television: The medium whose future has passed?" Educational Technology, pp. 34-43.

Bernard, Edward G. Evaluating media resources for urban schools. In Hitchens, Howard, Ed., (1974). Selecting Media for Learning: Readings from "Audiovisual Instruction," Washington, DC. Association for Educational Communications and Technology. Reprinted from Audiovisual Instruction, September 1971.

Blatecky, Alan, (July 1991). Presentation before the University of North Carolina University Library Advisory Council.

Blythe, N. and Sweet, C. (1979, April). The thrill of victory: A commercial TV format you can use. Audiovisual instruction, p. 22.

Borg, Walter R. and Gall, Meredith Damien. (1983). Educational research, 4th Edition, New York, Longman. PP 413-425.

Boucher, Brian G., Gottlieb, Merrill J. and Morganlander, Martin L. (1973). Handbook and catalog for instructional media selection. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Educational Technology Publications.

Bowsher, Jack E. (1989). Education America: Lessons learned in the nation's corporations. New York, John Wiley.

Branson, R. K., Rayner, G. T., Cox, J. L., Furman, J. P., King, F. J., and Hannum, W. H. (1975). Interservice procedures for instructional systems development (5 vols.) TRADOC (Pam 350-30). Ft. Monroe, VA: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, August 1975.

Bretz, R. (1971). The selection of appropriate communication media for instruction: A guide for designers of Air Force technical training programs. Santa Monica, CA: Rand.

Brey, Ronald and Grigsby, Charles (1984). Telecourse student survey 1984. Austin, TX: The Research Group.

Brey, Ronald (1988, October). Telecourse utilization survey: First annual report: 1986-87 academic year. Austin, TX. Annenberg/CPB Project and the Instructional Telecommunications Consortium.

Brey, Ronald (1991). U. S. Postsecondary Distance Learning Programs in the 1990s. Washington, DC. Instructional Telecommunications Consortium.

Briggs, L. J., and Wager, W. W. (1981). Handbook of procedures for the design of instruction (2nd ed.) Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.

Brinberg, David and Louise H. Kidder, (eds.) (1982, June). Forms of validity in research, San Francisco, Jossey-Bass.

Brown, James W., Norbert, Kenneth, and Srygley, Sara K. (1972). Administering educational media: Instructional technology and library services, 2nd ed. New York, McGraw-Hill.

Brown, James W. (1977). AV instruction, 5th ed. New York, McGraw-Hill.

Brock, Dee (1991). Symposium on Telecommunications and the Adult Learner, Washington, DC, Instructional Telecommunications Consortium.

Bruder, I. (April, 1989) Dist. Learning "Electronic Learning" Carnegie Commission, (1979). Public trust: The report of the Carnegie Commission on public broadcasting. New York, Bantam Books. pp. 255-256.

Carpenter, Ray. (1972). Form for evaluating the instructional effectiveness of films or television programs. In Quality in instructional television, Wilbur Schramm (Ed.) Honolulu, East-West Center Book, University Press of Hawaii, pp. 205-210.

Carpenter, P. (1973, May). Cable television: A guide for education planners, R-1144 NSF, Santa Monica: Rand Center for Learning and Telecommunications, (1984). Telecourse Inventory, Washington, DC.

Chu, G. C. and Schramm, Wilbur (1967). Learning from television: What the research says. Washington, DC National Association of Educational Broadcasters.

Clark, F. E. and Angert, J. F. (1981). Teacher commitment to instructional design: The problem of media selection and use. Educational Technology, 1981, 21(5), 9-15.

Clark J. and Clark, Margaret (1983). A statistics primer for managers New York, Free Press, pp. 26-28.

Chickering, Arthur W. and Ehrmann, Stephen C. (1987). Implementing the seven principles: Technology as lever, AAHE Bulletin.

Cohen, V. (1983, January). Criteria for the evaluation of microcomputer courseware. Educational Technology, 23(1), pp. 9-14.

Corporation for Public Broadcasting (1980). Telecourses: Reflections `80 Executive Summary. Washington DC. Corporation for Public Broadcasting. p. 5.

Crow, Mary Lynn (1977). Teaching on television. Arlington: The University of Texas, p. 8.

Curtis, Cally (1989, April). Dull is a four-letter word. Training Media Association Resource Supplement to Training, pp. 9-13.

DeNike, Lee and Stroether, Seldon (1976). Media prescription and utilization as determined by educational cognitive style. Line and Color publishers, Athens OH.

Diamond, Robert (1961, December). Single Room Television, Audiovisual Instruction, 6:526-27, p. 194.

Diamond, Robert M. (Ed.) (1964). A guide to instructional television, New York, McGraw-Hill.

Dirr, Peter and Katz, Joan (1981). Higher education utilization study phase I: Final report. Washington, DC.: Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Dirr Peter J. (1986 May 24) Changing higher education through telecommunication, presentation for The World Congress on Education and Technology, pp. 1-2

DiSilvestro, F. R. and Makowitz, H. J. (1982). Contracts and completion rates in correspondence study. Journal of educational research 75(4):218-21.

Doerken, M. (1983). Classroom combat: Teaching and television Englewood Cliffs, NJ. Educational Technology.

Duchastel, P. (1983). Toward the ideal study guide: An exploration of the functions and components of study guides. British journal of educational technology. 14(3):216-37.

Eash, Maurice J. (1972, December). Evaluating Instructional Materials. Audiovisual instruction, p. 37. In Hitchens, Howard, (ed.) (1974). Selecting media for learning: Readings from "Audiovisual instruction," Washington, DC. Association for Educational Communications and Technology.

Educational Products Information Exchange (1973). Improving materials selection procedures: A basic "how to" handbook. EPIE Report No. 54. New York.

Ehrmann, Stephen C.; Lemke, Randall A; and Warner, Amy Conrad (1992). "Using Technology to Open the College: The `New Pathways' Program," in Metropolitan Universities, Vol 3 No 1, pp. 51-61.

ELRA Group, Inc. (1986, August). Executive summary: The adoption and utilization of Annenberg/CPB Project Telecourses, Washington, D.C. Annenberg/CPB Project.

Erickson, C. (1968). Administering instructional media programs. New York, Macmillan.

Erickson, C. (1972). Fundamentals of teaching with audiovisual technology, 2nd ed. New York, Macmillan.

Eurich, Nell P. (1985). Corporate classrooms: The learning business. Lawrenceville, NJ, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and Princeton University Press.

Evans, R. I. (1982) Resistance to Innovation, "Inform. Tech. Jossey Bass, NY.

Farnes, Nicholas (1975, May). Student-centred (sic.) learning. Teaching at a distance. Milton Keynes, Great Britain, The Open University/Technical Filmsetters Europe Limited., No. 3, pp. 1-6.

Finkel, A. (1982). Designing interesting courses. In Learning at a distance - A world perspective, eds. J. Daniel, M. Stround, and R. Thompson. Edmonton, Canada: Athabasca University.

Flinck, R. (1979). The research project on two-way communication in distance education; An overview. EHSC Workshop paper. Malmo: Liber-Hermods.

Forrer, Stephen E. (1986). The Annenberg/CPB project; An Interview with Robben Fleming, National forum: The Phi Kappa Phi journal, Summer ,Volume LXVI, No 3. pp. 2-3.

Frankel, Martin M. and Gerald, Debra R. (1982). Projections of education statistics to 1990-91 Volume I — Analytical report. Washington, D.C.: National Center for Education Statistics.

Gagne, R. M. (1970). The Conditions of Learning (2nd ed.) New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, p. 364.

Gagne, R. M. and Briggs, L. J. (1979). Principles of instructional design (2nd ed.) New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

Galagan, Patricia A. (1989, January). IBM gets its arms around education, Training and development journal, pp. 35-41.

Gallagher, M. (1977). Broadcasting and the Open University student. Milton Keynes, England: The Open University (mimeo).

Gardner, H. (June 1988) "Newslink."

Glatter, R. and Wedell, E. G. (1971). Study by correspondence. An enquiry into correspondence study for examinations for degrees and other advanced qualifications. London: Longman.

Goldstein, Michael B. (191). Keynoe address "Distance Learning and Accreditation." COPA Spring 1991 Professional Development Program. Washington, DC. COPA Professional Development Series pp. 7-17.

Gomez, Louis M. (Summer, 1992). "Erasing barriers to learning through telecommunications, Review," pp. 4-6, U S West, Portland.

Granger, D. (1990) "Open Universities: Closing the distances to learning." Change Vol 22 No. 4, pp. 44-50.

Granger, D. (1991). Symposium report: "Regulation and accreditation in distance education," The American Journal of Distance Education, Vol 5 No 1, pp. 77-79.

Gropper, G. (1976). A behavioral perspective on media selection. AV Communication Review, 24, 157-186.

Grossman, David M. (1987). Hidden perils: instructional media and higher education. In Occasional Paper, National University Continuing Education Association.

Grossman, Lawrence K. (1982, April 30). Coming together - Public television and higher education. Speech before the National Telecourse Conference 1982: "Managing Technology for Adult Learners." Dallas: pp. 1-13.

Gubser, Lyn, (1985, February/March). Is technology education's last hope? TechTrends.

Gueulette, David G., (1980). Television: The hidden curriculum of lifelong learning. Lifelong learning: The adult years, Vol. 3 (no. 5), pp. 4-7 and 35.

Gueulette, David G. (1988, January). A better way to use television in our classes. TechTrends. 33/1, pp. 27-29.

Gueulette, David G. (ed.) (1986). Using technology in adult education. Washington, D.C., Scott, Foresman/AAACE Adult Educator Booklet.

Haney, John B. and Ullmer, Eldon J. (1975). Educational Communications and Technology. Dubuque, Iowa; William C. Brown Co. p. 29.

Harman, Alvin J. (1975, July). Collecting and analyzing expert group judgment data. P-5467, Santa Monica: Rand.

Havighorst, Robert J. (1960). Developmental Tasks and Education. New York; Longman, Green.

Heidt, E. U. (1978). Instructional media and the individual learner: A classification and systems appraisal. London, Kogan Page.

Henault, Dorothy, (1971). The media; Powerful catalyst for community change. Mass Media and Adult Education. John A. Niemi, Editor. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey; Educational Technology. pp. 105-124.

Hewitt, Louise Matthews, (1980). An administrator's guide to telecourses. Fountain Valley, CA, Coast Community College District. pp. 6-7.

Hezel, Richard T. (1987, November). Statewide planning for telecommunications in education; Executive summary: Washington, D.C., Annenberg/CPB Project.

Hewitt, Louise Matthews, (ed.), (1982). A telecourse sourcebook for the 80s. Fountain Valley, CA, Coast Community College District.

Holmberg, Borje, (1980). Aspects of distance education. Comparative education 16(2): 107-19.

Holmberg, Borje (1981). Status and trends of distance education. New York: Nichols.

Holt, Smith (1989, April). Speech at Learning by Satellite IV Conference, Tulsa, OK. San Ramon, CA. Applied Business teleCommunications.

Holt, Smith (1992). "Barriers to Quality Distance Education," in Metropolitan Universities, Vol 3, No 1, pp. 43-50.

Honey, Peter and Mumford, A. (1982). Learning Styles Questionnaire, The manual of learning styles. Berkshire: Peter Honey.

Jones, Brynmor (1965). University Grants Committee, Department of Education and Science, Scottish Education Department: Audiovisual aids in higher scientific education. London: H.M.S.O., p. 8.

Jones, Glenn (1991). "Make All America A School." Englewood, CO. Jones 21st Century, Inc.

Johnston, Jerome, (1987). Electronic learning: From audiotape to videodisc. Englewood Cliffs, NJ.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Kalton, Graham (1983). Introduction to survey sampling, Beverly Hills, Sage, p. 69.

Keegan, Desmond J. (1982). From New Delhi to Vancouver: Trends in distance education. In Learning at a distance - a world perspective, pp. 40-43. J. Daniel, M. A. Stroud and J. R. Thompson (Eds.) Edmonton, Canada: Athabasca University/International Council for Correspondence Education.

Keegan, Desmond J. (1983). On defining distance education. In Distance education - international perspectives, pp. 6-33. David Sewert, Desmond Keegan and Borje Holmberg (Eds.) New York: St. Martin's Press.

Kemp, Jerrold E. (1975). Planning and producing audiovisual materials. New York, T. Y. Crowell, p. 47.

Kemp, J. E. (1971, December). Which Medium? Audiovisual Instruction, 32-6, p. 36.Kemp, J. E. (1980). Planning and producing audiovisual materials (4th ed.) New York; Harper and Row.

Klitgaard, Robert E. (1973, March). Models of educational innovation and implications for research, P- 4977, Santa Monica: Rand.

Knowles, Malcolm (1975). Self-directed learning: A guide for learners and teachers. New York, Cambridge.

Knowles, Malcolm (1983). How the media can make it or bust it in education. Media and Adult Learning, vol. 5, no. 2 Spring. In Gueulette, David G. ed. (1986). Using technology in adult education. Glenview, IL. American Association for Adult and Continuing Education, Scott, Foresman/AAACE Adult Educator Series. pp. 4-5.

Komoski, Kenneth (1977). Evaluating nonprint media. Today's Education 66:96-97 March-April. Krebs, Arlene (1991). "The USDLA Funding Source Book for Distance Learning and Educational Technology," San Ramon, CA. USDLA.

Kressel, Marilyn (1986). Higher education and telecommunications. National Forum: The Phi Kappa Phi Journal Summer, Volume LXVI Number 3. pp. 4-6.

Kumata, Hideya (1961, October 8-18). An inventory of instructional television research. Ann Arbor, MI: Educational Television and Radio Center. A report presented at the International Seminar on Instructional Television, at Purdue University, Lafayette, IN.

Ladd, Barbara (1989, April). Why self-study video training makes sense. Training Media Association supplement to Training, pp. 19-22.

Lane, Carla (1988). "Student Attrition in Distance Education Programs," Unpublished manuscript.

Lane, Carla (1989a). "A Selection Model and Pre-Adoption Evaluation Instrument for Video Programs," American Journal of Distance Education, Vol. 3 No 3, 1989, pp. 46-57.

Lane, Carla (1989b). "A Media Selection Model and Pre-Adoption Evaluation Instrument for Distance Education Media." Ann Arbor, UMI.

Lane, Carla (1990). "The Use of Audio Interaction and Self-Directed Learning Contracts in a Telecourse Offered by Satellite: Foundations of Adult Basic Education. Proceedings, Midwest Research-to-Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing & Community Education.

Lane, Carla (September, 1990). "Research Establishes National Teleconferencing Standards." San Ramon, CA. "Ed," pp. 10-12.

Lane, Carla (1992). "Model Program: Interaction Through a Mix of Media," Proceedings, Global Trends in Distance Education, University of Maine at Augusta, September 24-26.

Lesser, Gerald S., Lundgren, Rolf, and Carpenter, Ray. (1972). In Quality in instructional television, Wilbur Schramm (Ed.) Honolulu, East-West Center Book, University Press of Hawaii. pp. 213-217.

Levine, Toby Kleban, (1987). Teaching telecourses: Opportunities and options, a faculty handbook. Washington, D.C. Annenberg/CPB Project/PBS Adult Learning Service.

Lewis, Raymond J. (1983). Meeting learners' needs through telecommunications: A directory and guide to programs. Washington, D.C.: American Association for Higher Education.

Long, Thomas J., Convey, John J. and Chwalek, Adele R. (1986). Completing dissertations in the behavioral sciences and education, San Francisco, Jossey-Bass, pp. 94-95.

Lundgren, Rolf (1972). What is a good instructional program. In Quality in instructional television, Wilbur Schramm (Ed.), East-West Center Book, University Press of Hawaii.

Lynton, Ernest A. (1992). From the Editor's Desk, Metropolitan Universities, Vol 3 No 1, p. 2.

Martin, Thomas J. Jr. (1991). "NTU Annual Report 1990-1991." Fort Collins, CO., NTU, p. 1.

Martino, J. P. (1972). Technological forecasting for decision making, New York, American Elsevier, p. 27.

Matthews, E. W. (1972). Characteristics and academic preparation of directors of library-learning resource centers in selected community junior colleges. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 110 127.

Matsui, J. (1981). Adult learning needs, life interests and media use: Some implications for TVOntario. Toronto: TVOntario (mimeo).

Mayor, Mara and Dirr, Peter J. (1986). "Telelearning" in Higher Education. National forum: The Phi Kappa Phi journal, Summer 1986 Volume LXVI Number 3. pp. 7-10.

McCutcheon, John W. and Swartz, James (1987, September). Planning for Cablecast Telecourses, T.H.E. journal, pp. 98-102.

Meierhenry, W. C. (1981, Fall). Adult education and media and technology. Media and adult learning, Vol. 4, no. 1. In Gueulette, David G. ed. (1986). Using technology in adult education. Glenview, IL. American Association for Adult and Continuing Education, Scott, Foresman/AAACE Adult Educator Series. pp. 2-3.

Menmuir, K., (1982). Educational technology by distance learning. Media in education and development 14(4):9-11.

Merrill, M. David, and Goodman, Irwin (1972). Selecting instructional strategies and media: A place to begin. Provo, UT, Division of Instructional Services, Brigham Young University.

Moore, Richard L. and Michael C. Shannon. (1982, February). Meeting needs for continuing education through advances in technology; Lifelong learning, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 4-6, 35. In Gueulette, David G. (ed.) (1986). Using technology in adult education. Glenview, IL. American Association for Adult and Continuing Education, Scott, Foresman/AAACE Adult Educator Series. pp. 17-21.

Munshi, Kiki Skagen (1980). Telecourses: Reflections `80. Washington, D.C.: Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

Myers, Sheldon (1972). A study of the educational technologies of computer-assisted instruction, instructional television, and classroom films, based on tour sites. EPIE Report No. 435. National Committee for Citizens in Education, (1974). Fits and misfits; What you should know about your child's learning materials, Columbia, MD.

National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education, (1977). Technology and the New Professional Teacher: Preparing for the 21st Century Classroom. Washington, D.C. techdnld.txt

National Education Association (1976). Instructional materials; Selection for purchase. Rev. ed, Washington D.C. ED 130-380.

Niemi, John (1971). The labyrinth of the media: Helping the adult educator find his way. Mass Media and Adult Education. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Educational Technology Publications, Inc., pp. 35-47.

Nishimoto, M. (1969). The development of educational broadcasting in Japan. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle.

Nolan, Ernest I., (1984, April). Planning for telecommunication in the liberal arts college, T.H.E. journal, pp. 82-85.

Norman R. F., (1967, July). Assets and liabilities in group problem solving: The need for an integrative function. Psychological Review, Vol. 74, No. 4, pp. 239-249.

Northcott, Paul and Holt, Dale (1986, February). Professional development programmes for accountants through distance education: An Australian study in programmed learning and educational technology, Journal of the Association of Educational and Training Technology, Vol 23, Number 1.

Office of Technology Assessment (1989). "Linking for Learning: A New Course for Education." Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Pascarella, E. T., and Chapman, D. W., (1983). A multi-institutional, path analytic validation of Tinto's model of college withdrawal. American educational research journal: 20:87-102.

Parlett, M. and Woodley, A. (1983). Student drop-out. Teaching at a Distance, 24.Pease, P., and Tinsley, P. (1986) Eval. Diff. and Adoption. "Teleconf. Elec. Comm, pp. 399-404.

Perrin, D. G. (1977). Synopsis of television in education. In J. Ackerman and L. Lipsitz (Eds.), Instructional television: Status and directions. Englewood Cliffs, NJ. Educational Technology. pp. 7-13.

Perry, Walter, (1977). The Open University, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Pfeiffer, J., and Sabers, D., (1970). Attrition and achievement in correspondence study. National Home Study Council News, February supplement. Washington, D.C.: National Home Study Council.

Portway, Patrick, (1989, April 1). Speech at Learning by Satellite IV Conference, Tulsa, OK. San Ramon, CA. Applied Business teleCommunications.

Powell, J. T. (1983). A practical program to use media for staff development. Media and Methods, pp. 12.

Powell, J. T. (1982a, September ). Faculty development through use of media: Part I. General planning precepts. Media and Methods, pp. 18.

Powell, J. T. (1982b). Faculty development through use of media: Part II. A general plan in five phases. Media and Methods, pp. 36-38.

Purdy, Leslie N. (1980). The history of television and radio in continuing education. New directions for continuing education: Providing continuing education by media and technology. No. 5. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Quinn, Pamela K. and Adams, Sandy (1984). A guide to Dallas telecourses, Dallas, Dallas Community College District, p 4-7.

Rahimi, M. W. (1992). "Cable Technology to Enhance Service to a Metropolitan Area" in Metropolitan Universities, Vol 3 No 1, pp. 28-34.

Regents College Institute for Distance Learning (1990). Proceedings of the Regents College Institute for Distance Learning Invitational Symposium, Thornwood, NY.

Reider, William L. (1985). VCRs silently take over the classroom, TechTrends, Nov/Dec. pp. 27-29.

Reilly, Kevin and Gulliver, Kate (1992). "Interstate Authorization of Distance Higher Education via Telecommunications: The Developing National Consensus in Policy and Practice," American Journal of Distance Education, Vol 6 No. 2, pp. 3-15.

Reiser, R. A. (1981). A learning-based model for media selection: Development (Research Product 81- 25b). Alexandria, VA: Army Research Institute.

Reiser, Robert A. and Gagne, Robert M. (1983). Selecting Media for Instruction, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Educational Technology Publications.

Rekkedal, T., (1982). The drop-out problem and what to do about it. In Learning at a distance - A world perspective, eds. J. S. Daniel, M. A. Stroud, and J. R. Thompson, Edmonton, Canada: Athabasca University.

Riccobono, John A. (1986). Instructional technology in higher education; A national study of the educational uses of telecommunications technology in American colleges and universities; Executive summary; Washington, D.C. The Corporation for Public Broadcasting, The Annenberg/CPB Project and The Center for Statistics, U.S. Department of Education.

Romiszowski, A. J. (1974). The selection and use of instructional media. London: Kogan Page.

Sackman, H. (1974, April). Delphi assessment: Expert opinion, forecasting, and group process. R-1283-PR, Santa Monica: Rand.

Saettler, P. (1979). An assessment of the current status of educational technology. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University. (ERIC document Reproduction Service No. 18-30).

Salomon, Gavriel (1983, September). Using television as a unique teaching resource for OU courses, England, Open University, IET Papers on Broadcasting No. 225.

Schoch, L. A. (1983). Author's guide to independent study. Bloomington, Indiana: Trustees of Indiana University.

Schramm, Wilbur, (1967, January). Instructional television promise and opportunity, Monograph Service, 4, pp. 1-20.

Schramm, Wilbur (ed.) (1972). What the research says. In Quality in instructional television. Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii.

Schramm, Wilbur (1977). Big media, little media, tools and technologies for instruction. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Seidman, (1986) Survey of Teacher Utilization, "Ed Tech," p.19.

Sewart, D. (1981). Distance teaching: a contradiction in terms? Teaching at a distance 19:8-18.

Sewert, David (1982). Individualizing support services. In Learning at a distance - a world perspective, pp. 27-9. J. Daniel, M. Stroud, and J. Thompson, (Eds.) Edmonton, Canada: Athabasca University/International Council for Correspondence Education.

Sive, Mary Robinson (1978). Selecting instructional media: A guide to audiovisual and other instructional media lists. Littleton, CO. Libraries Unlimited, Inc.

Sive, Mary Robinson. (1983). Selecting instructional media: A guide to audiovisual and other instructional media lists, 2nd edition. Littleton, CO. Libraries Unlimited, Inc.

Sleeman, P. J., Cobun, T. C., and Rockwell, D. M. (1979). In Instructional media and technology . New York: Longman.

Smith, M. H. (Ed.) (1961). Using television in the classroom. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Sonquist, John A., and Dunkelberg, William C. (1977). Survey and opinion research: Procedures for processing and analysis. Englewood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall. p. 7.

Stahl, Wilson M. (1992). "The Future Impact of High-Performance Networks: Library Collections, Facilities and Services," Metropolitan Universities, Vol 3 No 1, pp. 66-74.

Stephens College, (1962). A Stephens Challenge, Information Brochure, Columbia, MO, Stephens College. pp. 20.

Stephens, D. (1979). Motivating students in correspondence courses. Continuum 43(3): 27-38.

Stoffel, Judith A. (1987). Meeting the needs of distance students: Feedback, support, and promptness, Lifelong Learning: An omnibus of practice and research, Vol. 11, No. 3.

Svenning, L. L., and Ruchinskas, J. E. (1986) Decision Factors, "Teleconf. Elec. Comm. pp. 258-266.

Tanzman, Jack and Dunn, Kenneth. (1971). Using instructional media effectively. West Nyack, NY Parker.

Teague, Fred A. (1981). Evaluating Learning resources for adult. Media and Adult Learning, vol. 4, no. 1, Fall. pp. 27-33. In Gueulette, David G. ed. (1986). Using technology in adult education. Glenview, IL. American Association for Adult and Continuing Education, Scott, Foresman/AAACE Adult Educator Series.

Thompson, J. J. (1969). Instructional communication. New York, Van Nostrand.

Thompson, Loran T. (1973, June). A pilot application of Delphi techniques to the drug field: Some experimental findings, R-1124, Santa Monica: Rand.

Tosti, D. T. and Ball, J. R. (1969). A behavioral approach to instructional design and media selection. AV communication review, 17, 5-25.

Tough, Allen. (1979). The adult's learning projects. Toronto: Ontario Institute for Studies in Education.

Turner, Philip M., (1985). A school library media specialist's role, Littleton, Colorado, Libraries Unlimited.

U.S. Department of Education (1987, February). Office of Educational Research and Improvement. Center for Education Statistics. Enrollment in colleges and universities, Fall 1985. Bulletin: OERI, 5-6.

Unwin, D. (1969). Media and methods: Instructional technology in higher education. London, McGraw-Hill. pp. 136-142.

Vehige, B. (1989, April). Speech at Learning by Satellite IV Conference, Tulsa, OK. San Ramon, CA. Applied Business teleCommunications.

Wagner, Ellen D. and Wishon, Phillip M. (1987). In International journal of instructional media, Vol. 14, No. 4.

Ward, Terry A. (1986, December). Statview converts raw data into useful information. MacUser, p. 91.

Watkins, Beverly T. (September 16, 1992). "Universities Try Electronic Format to Make Meetings More Productive," The Chronicle of Higher Education, p. A22.

Weingartner, C. (1974). Schools and the future. In T. Hippie (Ed.) The future of education: 1975-2000. pp. 182-206. Pacific Palisades, CA: Goodyear.

Whisler, J. S. (1987). Dist. Learn. Tech. Mid Cont. Reg. Lab. Report.

Withrow, Frank (1992). "Distance Learning: Star Schools" in Metroplitan Universities, Vol 3 No1, pp. 61-65.

Wong, A., and Wong, S. C. P. (1978-79). The relationship between assignment completion and the attrition and achievement in correspondence courses. Journal of educational research 72:165-68.

Zigerell, James J. (1986). A guide to telecourses and their uses, Coast Community College District: Fountain Valley, CA., p. 35.

from "A Technical Guide to Teleconferencing and Distance Learning," 3rd edition